The way that a dizzy spell feels is the first clue to what is causing that specific bout of dizziness. There are specific triggers as well which can give clues as to the specific cause. Vertigo can be caused by BPPV or benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, Menieres disease, inflammation within the inner ear, vestibular migraine, acoustic neuroma and a number of other causes including brain hemorrhage, multiple sclerosis and stroke. A feeling of faintness is typically caused by orthostatic hypotension, low blood sugar or an inadequate blood output from the heart. Losing balance can be caused by vestibular or inner ear problems, joint or muscle issues, sensory disorders, certain medications or neurological conditions such as cerebellar ataxia and Parkinsons disease.
One of the biggest complications associated with dizziness is that it can increase the risk of falling and becoming seriously injured. A dizzy spell that occur while operating machinery or driving increases the likelihood of an accident occurring. There are a number of long-term complications and consequences associated with underlying conditions that may cause dizziness, which is why it is so essential to see a physician and get to the root cause of the problem.
The most common symptoms associated with dizziness include: the feeling of floating or swimming, heavy headedness, a loss of balance or feeling of unsteadiness known as disequilibrium, lightheadedness or a feeling of fainting or the false sense of spinning or motion known as vertigo. These problems can be caused by a number of underlying health conditions, which are confusing the signals that the brain is receiving from sensory systems such as the sensory nerves, the inner ear and the eyes.
A doctor will want to pinpoint the cause behind the symptoms by looking at the specific symptoms and what may be triggering them. In addition to basic observation and examination, the physician may also utilize eye movement testing, rotary chair testing and posturography testing to look at balance, eye movements and specific triggers for dizziness.
The treatment for dizziness will depend entirely on its underlying cause. For example, BPPV is treated using a procedure that repositions the head. This procedure is known as canalith repositioning. For inner ear conditions, balance retraining or the prescription of a medication such as Antivert or Valium can alleviate symptoms. For Menieres disease, reducing the way the body is retaining fluids through the use of dietary changes and diuretics will be required. Anxiety disorders can be treated using psychotherapy and prescription medications because reducing anxiety will reduce dizziness.