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Dyslexia is a type of learning disorder that is characterized specifically by difficulties with reading. It is also commonly referred to as specific reading disability, and it is particularly common among children. Children who are suffering from Dyslexia can have completely normal intelligence level and vision and yet still suffer from this impairment. Many children who have Dyslexia do not realize they have the condition and so it goes undiagnosed for many years, often into adulthood. Although there is no cure for Dyslexia, there are steps that can be taken in order to help children and adults who are suffering from this learning disorder. Most children can learn how to succeed in school and learning with an education program that keeps their Dyslexia in mind.

Causes, Risk Factors and Complications ofDyslexia

A lot is still unknown when it comes to Dyslexia and how it is developed. However, there are certain genes in the brain that this learning disability has been linked to; it is believed that they play a role in how the brain develops. Many also believe Dyslexia may be genetic and thus, an inherited medical condition. Inherited traits such as these always tend to be concerned with how the brain handles language. Risk factors of Dyslexia include individual differences in the different parts of the brain responsible for reading and language and a family history of having the condition.

There are several complications that are linked to the development of Dyslexia. These problems can include: difficulty with learning and social issues that remain into adulthood. When Dyslexia is left untreated, it can lead to a number of social problems including behavior problems, low self-esteem, aggression, anxiety and withdrawal from peers. Children who are not able to reach their potential due to Dyslexia can have long-term consequences in terms of education and ability to succeed as an adult. Because of these potential complications, seeking help for this condition early is absolutely essential.

Signs, Symptoms and Tests ofDyslexia

It can be difficult to recognize the symptoms associated with Dyslexia before the child is old enough to go to school. However, there are some early clues that can indicate a problem may exist. These include things such as difficulty with rhyming and learning new words and late talking. By the time the child has reached school age, there are a number of other clues such as reading below the expected age level, difficulty comprehending instructions delivered rapidly, problems with remembering sequences, spelling problems, difficulty learning foreign words and trouble following multiple commands at the same time. Dyslexia can also present symptoms in the teen years and adulthood too. These signs and symptoms may include difficulty memorizing, learning foreign languages or summarizing a simple story as well as problems with time management, reading or understanding idioms or jokes.

Treatment, Drugs and Prevention ofDyslexia

The underlying brain issue that causes Dyslexia is incurable, but there are steps that can be taken to improve the outlook for people with Dyslexia. The sooner intervention is able to begin, the better off the student will be in learning how to deal with Dyslexia and the unique challenges that it brings to their life. Dyslexia is best treated through education and tutoring rather than through drugs or other medications.