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Nearsightedness, also called myopia, is a condition that allows the individual to see objects that are very close to them while being unable to see things that are far away. Those objects that are far away are blurred whereas those that are close up are blurred. This condition can come about with age or might come about with an injury to the eye. The problem may start gradually and work its way into a much bigger problem. You might be able to easily focus on items close to you such as your hand while those far away could be severely blurred.

Causes, Risk Factors and Complications

Nearsightedness can occur as eyes grow older and individuals eye shape begins to change. This can cause the vision to blur as can astigmatism. This process for losing your vision far away can happy slowly over time and might not be noticeable at first. In individuals with a history of vision problems in their family might have more of a chance of suffering from nearsightedness than others. In addition, individuals that work close to things they are looking at such as reading or a computer might be at more risk of developing nearsightedness.

Depending on the severity of the nearsightedness the condition can change the quality of your life because of the inability to complete tasks requiring the ability to see far such as driving. Those suffering from nearsightedness might also be suffering from severe headaches due to the continuous squinting that they do to try to see objects farther away. This is neither safe for you or for those around you. For individuals who are significantly nearsighted there might be thinning of the retinal wall providing potentially causing it to tear or to detach.

Signs, Symptoms and Tests

Individuals that find that they have blurry vision when they are trying to see distances far away or objects in the distance, could be suffering from nearsightedness. If you suddenly feel as though you spend a great deal of time squinting to get a look at something far off in the distance you are likely suffering from nearsightedness. Suddenly having an increase in bad headaches can be a telltale sign that something is wrong with your vision and you need to seek help. Using one eye to see things at a distance is yet another sign of nearsightedness. Night myopia is also a sign that you are becoming nearsighted. This is the inability to see things on the roadway in the night or dusk. It can be a sign of nearsightedness to come.

When visiting with a doctor about your symptoms he or she will look carefully into your eyes and see if they note any malformations in the eye. They will ask that you take a basic eye examination to figure out what the status is of the sight and then they might do a test that allows them to take 3D image of the inside o the eyes. This can dramatically change the way that your doctor sees your eye giving him or her a view of the entire eye from front to back.

Treatment, Drugs and Prevention

Nearsightedness is treated with the use of glasses for the most part. This is the best method of making sure that the eyes are treated giving you the safety of being able to see again. For many people the nearsightedness will progressively get worse making it vital to see regular checkups for your eyes with the professionals. They may need to regularly change your prescription in order to keep up with any changes to your eyes.